Dental Board of Australia - Guidance for registered dental practitioners: Using and supplying teeth whitening products
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Guidance for registered dental practitioners: Using and supplying teeth whitening products

Download a PDF of the Fact sheet: Guidance for registered dental practitioners using and supplying teeth whitening products (81.2 KB,PDF)

You have a duty of care to your patients

As part of its role to protect the public and regulate all registered dental practitioners, the Board publishes guidance, including FAQs and fact sheets such as this. This guidance explains practitioners’ professional obligations for a specific matter and helps them comply.

As a registered dental practitioner, you have a duty of care to your patients and you must practise safely and effectively. In this case, you have obligations when you use teeth whitening products in your clinic or when you give your patients the products to use at home.

You can only use teeth whitening products in line with your training and the law

Under the Poisons Standard, and state and territory medicines and poisons laws, only registered dental practitioners can use and supply high concentration teeth whitening products, which have either:

  • more than 18 per cent carbamide peroxide, or
  • more than six per cent hydrogen peroxide.

The Board expects you to use professional judgement when making clinical decisions about teeth whitening products, of all concentrations. You can do this by:

  • only performing procedures you are educated about, trained for and competent in, and 
  • only using these products as the law allows and if you can justify the treatment. This includes medicines and poisons and consumer laws, as outlined below.

Justifying the treatment includes knowing the patient’s expectations of the products and explaining the risks. Before any treatment, you must ensure the patient has reasonable expectations and understands the risks. You must have and document their informed consent, including financial consent.

You can supply teeth whitening products for suitable patients to use at home

No current laws or regulations limit teeth whitening products to in-clinic use. However, before you give a patient teeth whitening products to use at home, you should determine if they are a suitable candidate by:

  • carrying out an appropriate assessment and examination of them
  • considering their history
  • applying the key principles of risk minimisation and management (see Providing good care, Good care, Decisions about access to care, Effective communication, Informed consent, Minimising risks to patients, and Health records of the Code of conduct).

You can advertise teeth whitening products if you comply with regulations

Any person or business that advertises teeth whitening products must understand and comply with regulators’ requirements. This means that the Board expects you to follow:

Medicines and poisons laws govern the use of these products

The Poisons Standard sets controls on high concentration teeth whitening products in Australia. This bans people who are not registered dental practitioners from using, supplying and selling these products.

The Poisons Standard sets requirements for product labelling, storage and disposal that might apply.

Most of the requirements under the Poisons Standard are incorporated into state and territory medicines and poisons laws. You must be aware of the medicines and poisons laws that apply in your state or territory.

The Australian Consumer Law (ACL) outlines your obligations as a supplier

When you give a patient teeth whitening products to use at home, you should consider your obligations as a supplier under the ACL and any relevant consumer issues. This may include any:

The Board has codes, registration standards and guidelines for professional practice

The Board’s codes, registration standards and guidelines set out professional practice requirements:

Code of conduct Sets the standard of professional conduct expected from registered practitioners.
Scope of practice registration standard and guidelines Explain that you can only perform dental procedures you are educated about, trained for and competent in. 
Guidelines for advertising a regulated health service

Explain that your advertising must not:

  • be false, misleading or deceptive, or be likely to mislead or deceive
  • offer a gift, discount or other incentive, unless you state the terms and conditions
  • use purported or real testimonials about the service or business
  • create an unreasonable expectation of beneficial treatment
  • directly or indirectly encourage indiscriminate or unnecessary use of regulated health services. 

The Board works with Ahpra and develops standards for practitioners

The Board works with Ahpra and the other National Boards to implement the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme under the National Law. Its core role is to protect the public by regulating registered dental practitioners in Australia.

The Board:

  • registers dental practitioners and students
  • sets professional standards
  • manages complaints about practitioners’ health, conduct or performance, and
  • publishes guidance material to help practitioners meet registration requirements and professional obligations.

The Board’s guidance may relate to a specific topic and refer to laws or other regulators where relevant, such as below. But the Board does not issue standards or guidelines about specific practice areas, so that practitioners can meet their patients’ needs in a range of clinical settings.

Other regulators play key roles

The TGA is the federal government’s medicine and therapeutic regulatory agency. It:

  • regulates therapeutic goods in Australia
  • oversees the scheduling of medicines and poisons in the Poisons Standard.

State and territory health departments enforce local medicines and poisons laws through their medicines and poisons regulation units.

The ACCC is the national competition regulator. As an independent statutory authority, it:

  • promotes competition and fair trading to benefit consumers, businesses and the community
  • ensures that individuals and businesses comply with the Competition and Consumer Act 2010, which covers the ACL.

This fact sheet will be reviewed as needed, but generally every three years.

Page reviewed 12/10/2022